Coffee is consumed in such great quantities that it is the world’s second largest traded commodity, surpassed only by crude oil. It is our most beloved beverage after water and is worth well over $100 billion globally.
Coffee comes from a flowering bush-like plant that grows cherries. Once ripened, they’re picked, processed and dried. Each cherry contains two or three seeds – these seeds are what the average person would recognize as coffee “beans.” The plant’s fruit is edible, yet the taste depends on the area in which it is grown as well as climate factors.
It was said that coffee was discovered by a goat herder in Ethiopia in the 1500s. He saw his goats eating coffee cherries. That evening he observed a change in their behavior… The goats had gained a high amount of energy. The herder shared his findings with local monks. After they made their own drink from coffee beans, they realized they could stay awake all throughout the night to pray. Word spread to other Ethiopian monks and soon after reached the civilized world. Interesting coffee facts, isn’t?
This refers to the way espresso is made — forcing boiling water through pressed coffee grounds. And although espresso has more caffeine per volume than coffee, it would take three shots to equal the amount in a regular cup of coffee.
Coffee beans grow on a bush. They are the pit of a berry, which in turn, categorizes coffee beans as a fruit. There are two main varieties of beans: green and red. Red beans have a more pleasant smell and are less acidic, thus, are generally used to produce lighter varieties of coffees. The longer that coffee beans have been roasted, the healthier they are for the drinker! Decaffeinated coffee comes from a chemical process in which the caffeine is taken out of the beans.
Arabica coffee was originally cultivated on the Arabian Peninsula. Robusta coffee is a more hardy plant and contains double the amount of caffeine.
Studies have linked moderate consumption (approximately three to four cups per day) with a longer life span, as well as a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and Parkinson’s, according to Harvard Health Publishing.
People ordering espresso might think they’re getting more bang in espresso because it’s a more concentrated form of coffee. However, there is actually only 64 milligrams of caffeine in one serving. Coffee on the other hand has 95 milligrams of caffeine in one serving.
Generally, the lighter the bean, the more caffeine it has. As such, a light roast is most likely to wake you up in the mornings — or carry you through a lull in the afternoon — followed by a medium roast, and lastly a dark roast. As far as the type of coffee, opt for cold brew over iced coffee on particularly groggy mornings – it has the most caffeine!
Brazil has held the title for more than 150 years now as the world’s largest coffee producer. Data and statistics shows that the country is responsible for a third of the World’s coffee production. Vietnam is responsible for about half as much, followed by production in Columbia and Indonesia.